The emergence of decentralized finance (DeFi) has brought about a significant transformation in the crypto market and is leaving a notable impact on the global economy. Within the realm of DeFi, there exist numerous opportunities, like Liquid Staking, to generate passive income through various decentralized protocols.
Among these options, staking stands out as one of the most profitable and popular among DeFi users. However, traditional staking confronts a big challenge: staked tokens cannot be freely exchanged or used as collateral to earn extra returns in other DeFi ecosystems. Liquid staking tackles this liquidity issue by employing an unusual strategy that entails the generation of additional tokens representing the staked asset.
But how does it actually work? In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the intricacies of liquid staking and shed light on its advantages for current DeFi users. Additionally, we explore the distinctions between liquid staking and other staking methods, offering a comprehensive comparison of their features and functionalities.
What is Liquid Staking?
Imagine a staking solution that allows you to contribute to a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain while also providing you with much-needed liquidity. That is precisely what liquid staking offers! Unlike traditional staking, which locks up your assets for a specific period, it rewards you with an intriguing twist: a "receipt" in the form of a liquid staking token (LST).
This opens up a whole new world of possibilities. Since you may now use your LST in multiple DeFi systems to earn extra yield and plentiful rewards. Picture it similar to holding your assets in a DeFi escrow account, but with a twist that keeps your funds accessible during the staking time. This makes the entire protocol fluid and extremely adaptable.
In the past few months, its market and its dynamic LSDs (liquid staking derivatives) had reached unprecedented heights. Binance Research has released an insightful report highlighting the rise of innovative DeFi protocols based on LSDs alongside the more established ones.
As the narrative gained unstoppable traction, the total value locked (TVL) in top LSDfi protocols surpassed the incredible $400M mark, more than doubling in value in just a month. This enormous spike in TVL speaks loudly about its exceptional potential and its disruptive impact on the DeFi ecosystem.
How Does It Work?
Liquid staking, like traditional proof-of-stake protocols, works by depositing funds into an escrow account maintained by a smart contract. As a result, the platform creates tokenized representations of the funds that have been staked. In exchange, these tokenized versions hold an equivalent value.
Importantly, your staked funds continue to earn you returns. However, under liquid staking, these tokens can now be used for a variety of purposes. The liquid staking tokens (LST) can be transferred, stored elsewhere, traded, or spent without affecting the initial deposit. To reclaim your original holding, exchange the tokenized versions for the same amount.
Difference Between Staking & Liquid Staking
Traditional staking and liquid staking differ in terms of the staked assets' flexibility and usage. The following are the significant distinctions:
- Asset Lockup: In traditional staking, when you stake your funds, they are locked up for a specific period. During this time, you cannot use or transfer the staked assets until the lockup period ends.
In contrast, liquid staking allows you to stake your funds while also receiving tokenized versions of the staked assets. These assets can be freely traded, transferred, or spent without impacting the original stake.
- Liquidity and Usability: Traditional staking restrict the liquidity and usability of the staked assets. They remain locked and inaccessible for the duration of the staking period, limiting your ability to utilize them for other purposes.
Liquid staking, on the other hand, provides liquidity to the staked assets by tokenizing them. These tokenized versions can be freely moved, traded, or utilized in other decentralized finance (DeFi) applications while still earning staking rewards.
- Flexibility: Liquid staking offers greater flexibility compared to traditional staking. With traditional staking, you are bound by the lockup period and the limitations imposed on the staked assets. Liquid staking allows you to have more control over your assets by providing the option to utilize the tokenized versions without sacrificing the potential rewards.
- Accessing the Original Holdings: While liquid staking allows you to use the tokenized versions of your staked assets, if you wish to access the original holdings, you will need to exchange the tokenized versions back for the equivalent value. This is different from traditional staking, where you can only regain access to your original holdings once the staking period ends.
Pros & Cons of Liquid Staking
Liquid staking, like any other financial mechanism, has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of the pros and cons of liquid staking:
- Enhanced Liquidity: It provides liquidity to staked assets by tokenizing them. This allows participants to freely transfer, trade, or utilize the tokenized versions of their staked assets. These assets enable greater flexibility and accessibility.
- Increased Utility: With liquid staking, participants can use the tokenized versions of their staked assets for various purposes within decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. This expands the utility of staked assets beyond traditional staking. That provides opportunities for earning additional returns or engaging in other financial activities.
- Mitigation of Opportunity Costs: In traditional staking, the locked-up nature of the staked assets may lead to missed investment opportunities. Liquid staking mitigates this by allowing participants to retain some control and utilize their assets in alternative ways, reducing potential opportunity costs.
- Counterparty Risks: These typically involve depositing funds into a smart contract or platform. Participants must consider the counterparty risks associated with the platform's security, reliability, and potential vulnerabilities.
- Price Volatility: Tokenized versions of staked assets may be subject to price volatility. Fluctuations in the value of the tokens can impact the overall value of the staked assets and potentially lead to losses if not managed appropriately.
- Loss of Governance Rights: Depending on the liquid staking implementation, participants may lose some governance rights associated with the staked assets. Tokenized versions may not carry the same voting power or decision-making authority as the original assets, limiting the participant's influence over the protocol.
It is important for individuals considering liquid staking to weigh these pros and cons, conduct thorough research, and assess their risk tolerance and investment goals before engaging in any staking activities.
Liquid staking is a new generation mechanism that allows users to invest their assets and perhaps see them grow. It provides users with a liquid version of their assets that they can use on other platforms, instead of locking their funds and preventing them from accessing them.
This makes the staking service popular among users since they may easily redeem their assets whenever they desire. While the method is extremely rewarding, it is an advanced approach that should only be used by experienced stakers.
To know more about Liquid Staking, go check out SunCrypto Academy.
Disclaimer: Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. The provider offers all content for informational purposes only, and you should not rely upon it as financial/investment advice. The provider may share opinions, if any, solely for information and education purposes. Despite making the best efforts to ensure accuracy and up-to-date information, unintended errors or misprints may occasionally occur. We recommend you to please do your own research or consult an expert before making any investment decision. You may write to us at [email protected].